Best Free Software for Linux

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SimpleScreenRecorder: Features: * Graphical user interface (Qt-based). * Faster than VLC and ffmpeg/avconv. * Records the entire screen or part of it, or records OpenGL applications directly (similar to Fraps on Windows). * Synchronizes audio and video properly (a common issue with VLC and ffmpeg/avconv). * Reduces the video frame rate if your computer is too slow (rather than using up all your RAM like VLC does). * Fully multithreaded: small delays in any of the components will never block the other components, resulting is smoother video and better performance on computers with multiple processors. * Pause and resume recording at any time (either by clicking a button or by pressing a hotkey). * Shows statistics during recording (file size, bit rate, total recording time, actual frame rate, ...). * Can show a preview during recording, so you don't waste time recording something only to figure out afterwards that some setting was wrong. * Uses libav/ffmpeg libraries for encoding, so it supports many different codecs and file formats (adding more is trivial). * Sensible default settings: no need to change anything if you don't want to. * Tooltips for almost everything: no need to read the documentation to find out what something does. http://www.maartenbaert.be/simplescreenrecorder/
Bitmessage is a P2P communications protocol used to send encrypted messages to another person or to many subscribers. It is decentralized and trustless, meaning that you need-not inherently trust any entities like root certificate authorities. It uses strong authentication which means that the sender of a message cannot be spoofed, and it aims to hide "non-content" data, like the sender and receiver of messages, from passive eavesdroppers like those running warrantless wiretapping programs: https://bitmessage.org/wiki/Main_Page https://bitmessage.org/wiki/Compiling_instructions
NCurses Music Player Client (Plus Plus) - featureful ncurses based MPD client inspired by ncmpc Main new features: * tag editor * playlist editor * easy to use search engine * media library * music visualizer * ability to fetch artist info from last.fm * new display mode * alternative user interface * ability to browse and add files from outside of MPD music directory ... and a lot more minor convenient functions: http://ncmpcpp.rybczak.net/
Fastwiki is an Offline wikipedia software: http://fastwiki.qwrite.info/en/index.html

Missing categories is more interesting to me than disputes over which game is truly the best.

Best RPG? Perhaps 0ad
Best Sim game? Perhaps Micropolis
Best Tower Defense game? Perhaps CreepTD
Best Racing game? Perhaps TORCS

"Best" is sufficiently subjective that I think you ought to add an Honorable Mention list for those games not the "best" but competitive.

I do appreciate the list and read it every time it comes out. I never fail to find something I'm interested in trying. Thanks for your work.

Good suggestions CorporalPunishment. TORCS has been reviewed by editor George J. and is now added to this list as well. Other suggested games will be looked into.
Minetest is an infinite-world block sandbox game and a game engine, inspired by InfiniMiner, Minecraft and the like: http://minetest.net/
Thanks Panzer for the many suggestions. I'll try them out one by one once I get time.
Pinot is a D-Bus service that crawls, indexes your documents and monitors them for changes, and a GTK-based user interface that enables to query the index built by the service and your favourite Web engines, and display and analyse the results: http://code.google.com/p/pinot-search/
marathon is a minimal bash/unix based launcher that tries to be smart about running or focusing apps: https://github.com/ronjouch/marathon Freelan - multi-platform, highly-configurable and peer-to-peer VPN software: http://www.freelan.org/ http://www.freelan.org/page/faq#comparison_grid
dwb is a lightweight web browser based on the webkit web browser engine and the gtk toolkit. dwb is highly customizable and can be easily configured through a web interface. It intends to be mostly keyboard driven, inspired by firefox's vimperator plugin. Features: - vi-like shortcuts - Link following via keyboard hints - Bookmarks - Quickmarks - Cookie support, whitelisting of cookies - Proxy support - Userscript support - Tab completion for history, bookmarks, userscripts - Custom stylesheets - Javascript blocker with whitelisting support - Flash plugin blocker with whitelisting support - Adblocking with filterlists - Webinterface for keyboard and settings configuration - Custom commands, binding commandsequences to shortcuts - Extendable via extensions/scripts - Extension manager http://portix.bitbucket.org/dwb/
Midnight Commander is a visual file manager. It's a feature rich full-screen text mode application that allows you to copy, move and delete files and whole directory trees, search for files and run commands in the subshell. Internal viewer and editor are included: http://www.midnight-commander.org/
mpg123 is a real time MPEG 1.0/2.0/2.5 audio player/decoder for layers 1,2 and 3: http://www.mpg123.de/
EqualX LaTeX Equation Editor: http://equalx.sourceforge.net/
NitroShare - a network file-sharing application that makes sending a file to another machine on the local network as easy as dragging-and-dropping: https://launchpad.net/nitroshare
Freeciv has moved to HTML5 - now you can you play it right in your browser: http://play.freeciv.org/
traGtor - Convert all your Audio and Videofiles in Ubuntu, Debian or Gentoo through FFmpeg without using a terminal: http://mein-neues-blog.de/tragtor-gui-for-ffmpeg/
2ManDVD is a program to simplify the creation of DVD-Video: http://linux.softpedia.com/get/Multimedia/Video/2ManDVD-45319.shtml OGMRip: Features: * transcodes from DVD or files * outputs OGM, AVI, MP4, or Matroska files * supports a lot of codecs (Vorbis, MP3, PCM, AC3, DTS, AAC, XviD, LAVC, X264, Theora) * calculates video bitrate for a given file size * autodetects cropping parameters and scaling factors * supports multiple audio and subtitles streams encoding * extracts subtitles in SRT or VobSub format * uses maximum quality codecs switches * rips contiguous chapters * supports external audio (PCM, MP3, AC3, DTS, AAC, Vorbis) and subtitles (MicroDVD, SubRip, SRT, Sami, VPlayer, RT, SSA, PJS, MPSub, AQT, JacoSub, VobSub) files * provides customisable encoding profiles * is extensible through plugins http://ogmrip.sourceforge.net/en/index.html
"... LiVES is a Video Editing System. It is designed to be simple to use, yet powerful. It is small in size, yet it has many advanced features ...": http://lives.sourceforge.net/
kissdb - (Keep It) Simple Stupid Database Features: * Tiny, compiles to ~4k on an x86_64 Linux system * Small memory footprint (only caches hash tables) * Very space-efficient (on disk) if small hash tables are used * Makes a decent effort to be robust on power loss * Pretty respectably fast, especially given its simplicity * 64-bit, file size limit is 2^64 bytes * Ports to anything with a C compiler and stdlib/stdio * Public domain https://github.com/zerotier/kissdb
TreeLine stores almost any kind of information in an organized tree structure. Each node in the tree can contain several fields, forming a mini-database: http://sourceforge.net/projects/treeline/
"... Prey lets you keep track of your laptop, phone and tablet whenever stolen or missing -- easily and all in one place. It's lightweight, open source software that gives you full and remote control, 24/7 ...": http://preyproject.com/
pdf2htmlEX renders PDF files in HTML, utilizing modern Web technologies. It aims to provide an accuracy rendering, while keeping optimized for Web display: http://coolwanglu.github.io/pdf2htmlEX/
BZFlag is a free online multiplayer 3D tank battle game: http://bzflag.org/ Blinken is the KDE version of the well-known game Simon Says. Follow the pattern of sounds and lights as long as you can! Press the start game button to begin. Watch the computer and copy the pattern it makes. Complete the sequence in the right order to win: http://edu.kde.org/blinken/ StepMania is a free dance and rhythm game: http://www.stepmania.com/
Kile is a user-friendly TeX/LaTeX editor for the KDE desktop environment: http://kile.sourceforge.net/
"... xxxterm is a minimalist web browser with sophisticated security features designed-in, rather than through an add-on after-the-fact. In particular, it provides both persistent and per-session controls for scripts and cookies, making it easy to thwart tracking and scripting attacks. In additional to providing a familiar mouse-based interface like other web browsers, it offers a set of vi-like keyboard commands for users who prefer to keep their hands on their keyboard. The default settings provide a secure environment. With simple keyboard commands, the user can "whitelist" specific sites, allowing cookies and scripts from those sites ...": https://opensource.conformal.com/wiki/XXXTerm
Bitfighter is a fast-paced team-based outer-space multi-player combat game: http://bitfighter.org/ Cyphertite Basic - online backup: https://www.cyphertite.com/ Platinum Arts Sandbox Free 3D Game Maker is an open source easy to use standalone 3D Game Maker and 3D Game Design program currently based on the cube 2 engine being used in many schools throughout the world that allows kids and adults to create their own video games, worlds, levels, adventures and quests, even cooperatively: http://www.sandboxgamemaker.com/ "... RabbitVCS is a set of graphical tools written to provide simple and straightforward access to the version control systems you use. We provide multiple clients and extensions designed to give you a uniform experience no matter what development tools you use ...": http://www.rabbitvcs.org/
Gobby is a free collaborative editor supporting multiple documents in one session and a multi-user chat: http://gobby.0x539.de/trac/ Geeknote — non official command line client for Evernote: http://www.geeknote.me/ Phatch is an user friendly, cross-platform Photo Batch Processor and Exif Renamer with a nice graphical user interface: http://photobatch.wikidot.com/ Ocenaudio is a cross-platform, easy to use, fast and functional audio editor. It is the ideal software for people who need to edit and analyze audio files without complications: http://www.ocenaudio.com.br/ Geary is a lightweight email program designed around conversations and built for the GNOME desktop: http://www.yorba.org/projects/geary/ Glances is a cross-platform curses-based monitoring tool: http://nicolargo.github.io/glances/ Format Junkie is a Graphical User Interface application with lots of options, which can convert your media files to all the popular formats: http://www.reddit.com/r/Ubuntu/comments/ya3u4/format_junkie_fully_featur... ReText is a simple editor that reads your text with MarkDown or HTML markup and saves it as plain text, HTML or PDF: http://sourceforge.net/projects/retext/

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